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Seeking Freedom Through Maritime Means


"Between 1822 and 1857, eight Southern states barred the ingress of all free black maritime workers. According to lawmakers, they carried a 'moral contagion' of abolitionism and black autonomy that could be transmitted to local slaves."

Michael A. Schoeppner, Moral Contagion: Black Atlantic Sailors, Citizenship, and Diplomacy in Antebellum America

 Seeking Freedom Through Maritime Means 

Fugitive Slave Ads

With Emphasis on Maritime Means

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